Archive

Posts Tagged ‘Mobile’

Security risks or panic mongering?

25/02/2017 1 comment

When you read about IT related security threats and breaches in mainstream media, it usually looks like this:

cia

Tech sites and dedicated forums usually do a better job.

Last week, a new article by experts from Kaspersky Lab was doing the rounds on tech sites and forums.

In their blog, the researchers detail how they analyzed 7 popular “connected car” apps for Android phones, that allow opening car doors and some even allow starting the engine. They found 5 types of security flaws in all of them.

Since I am part of a team working on a similar app, a couple of days later this article showed up in my work email, straight from our IT security chief.

This made me think – how bad are these flaws, really?

Unlike most stuff the good folks at Kaspersky find and publish, this time it’s not actual exploits but only potential weaknesses that could lead to discovery of exploits, and personally, I don’t think that some are even weaknesses.

So, here is the list of problems, followed by my personal analysis:

  1. No protection against application reverse engineering
  2. No code integrity check
  3. No rooting detection techniques
  4. Lack of protection against overlaying techniques
  5. Storage of logins and passwords in plain text

I am not a security expert, like these guys, just a regular software developer, but I’d like to think I know a thing or two about what makes apps secure.

Lets start from the bottom:

Number 5 is a real problem and the biggest one on the list. Storing passwords as plain text is about the dumbest and most dangerous thing you can do to compromise security of your entire service, and doing so on a platform that gives you dedicated secure storage for credentials with no hassle whatsoever for your users, is just inexcusable!

It is true that on Android, application data gets some protection via file permissions by default, but this protection is not good enough for sensitive data like passwords.

However, not all of the apps on the list do this. Only two of the 7 store passwords unencrypted, and 4 others store login (presumably username)  unencrypted.

Storing only the user name unprotected is not necessarily a security risk. Your email address is the username for your email account, but you give that out to everyone and some times publish it in the open.

Same goes for logins for many online services and games that are used as your public screen-name.

Next is number 4: overlay protection.

This one is interesting: as the Kaspersky researchers explain in their article, Android has API that allow one app to display arbitrary size windows with varying degrees of transparency over other apps.

This ability requires a separate permission, but users often ignore permissions.

This API has legitimate uses for accessibility and convenience, I even used it my self in several apps to give my users quick access from anywhere to some tasks they needed.

Monitoring which app is in foreground is also possible, but you would need to convince the user to set you up as an accessibility service, and that is not a simple task and can not be automated without gaining root access.

So here is the rub: there is a potential for stealing user credentials with this method, but to pull it off in a seamless way most users would not notice, is very difficult. And it requires a lot of cooperation from the user: first they must install your malicious app, then they must go in to settings, ignore some severe warnings, and set it up a certain way.

I am not a malware writer either, so maybe I am missing something, but it looks to me like there are other, much more convenient exploits out there, and I have yet to see this technique show up in the real world.

So if I had to guess – I’d say it is not a very big concern. Actually, if you got your app set up as accessibility service, you could still all text from device without the overlay trick, and I can’t think of a way to properly detect when a certain app is in use without this and without root.

No we finally get to the items on the list that aren’t really problems:

Number 3: root detection. Rooted device is not necessarily a compromised device. On the contrary – the only types of root you can possibly detect are the ones the user installed of his own free will, and that means a tech savvy user who knows how to protect his device from malware.

The whole cat and mouse game around root access to phones does more harm to security than letting users have official root access from the manufacturer, but this is a topic for a separate post.

If some app uses root exploit behind its users back, it will only be available to that app, and almost impossible to detect from another app, specially one that is not suppose to be a dedicated anti-malware tool.

Therefore, I see no reason to count this as a security flaw.

Number 2: Code integrity check. This is just an overkill for each app to roll out on its own.

Android already has mandatory cryptographic signing in place for all apps that validates the integrity of every file in the APK. In latest versions of Android, v2 of the signing method was added that also validates the entire archive as a whole (if you didn’t know this, APK is actually just a zip file).

So what is the point of an app trying to check its code from inside its code?

Since Android already has app isolation and signing on a system level, any malware that gets around this, and whose maker has reversed enough of the targeted app code to modify its binary in useful ways, should have no trouble bypassing any internal code integrity check.

The amount of effort on the side of the app developer trying to protect his app, vs the small amount of effort it would take to break this protection just isn’t worth it.

Plus, a bad implementation of such integrity check could do more harm then good, by introducing bugs and hampering users of legitimate copies of the app leading to an overall bad user experience.

And finally, the big “winner”, or is it looser?

Number 1 on the list: protection from reverse engineering.

Any decent security expert will tell you that “security by obscurity” does not work!

If all it takes to break your app is to know how it works, consider it broken from the start. The most secure operating systems in the world are based on open source components, and the algorithms for the most secure encryptions are public knowledge.

Revers engineering apps is also how security experts find the vulnerabilities so the app makers can fix them. It is how the information for the article I am discussing here was gathered!

Attempting to obfuscate the code only leads to difficult debugging, and increased chance of flaws and security holes in the app.

It can be considered an anti-pattern, which is why I am surprised it is featured at the top of the list of security flaws by some one like Kasperskys experts.

Lack of reverse engineering protection is the opposite of security flaw – it is a good thing that can help find real problems!

So there you have it. Two real security issues (maybe even one and a half) out of five, and two out of seven apps actually vulnerable to the biggest one.

So what do you think? Are the connected cars really in trouble, or are the issues found by the experts minor, and the article should have actually been a lot shorter?

Also, one small funny fact: even though the writers tried to hide which apps they tested, it is pretty clear from the blurred icons in the article that one of the apps is from Kia and another one has the Volvo logo.

Since what the researchers found were not actual vulnerabilities that can be exploited right away, but rather bad practices, it would be more useful to publish the identity of the problematic apps so that users could decide if they want to take the risk.

Just putting it out there that “7 leading apps for connected cars are not secure” is likely to cause unnecessary panic among those not tech savvy enough to read through and thoroughly understand the real implications of this discovery.

Android, Busybox and the GNU project

12/11/2012 2 comments

Richard Stallman, the father of the Free Software movement and the GNU project, always insists that people refer to some Linux based operating systems as “GNU/Linux”. This point is so important to him, he will refuse to grant an interview to anyone not willing to use the correct term.

There are people who don’t like this attitude. Some have even tried to “scientifically prove” that GNU project code comprises such a small part of a modern Linux distribution that it does not deserved to be mentioned in the name of such distributions.

 

Personally, I used to think that the GNU project deserved recognition for it’s crucial historical role in building freedom respecting operating systems, even if it was only a small part of a modern system.

But a recent experience proved to me that it is not about the amount of code lines or number of packages. And it is not a historical issue. There really is a huge distinction between Linux and GNU/Linux, but to notice it you have to work with a different kind of Linux. One that is not only stripped of GNU components, but of its approach to system design and user interface.

Say hello to Android. Or should I say Android/Linux…

 

Many people forget, it seems, that Linux is just a kernel. And as such, it is invisible to all users, advanced and novice alike. To interact with it, you need an interface, be it a text based shell or a graphical desktop.

So what happens when someone slaps a completely different user-space with a completely different set of interfaces on top of the Linux kernel?

 

Here is the story that prompted me to write this half rant half tip post:

My boss wanted to backup his personal data on his Android phone. This sounds like it should be simple enough to do, but the reality is quite the opposite.

In the Android security model, every application is isolated by having its own user (they are created sequentially and have names like app_123).

An application is given its own folder in the devices data partition where it is supposed to store its data such as configuration, user progress (for games) etc.

No application can access the folder of another application and read its data.

 

This makes sense from the security perspective, except for one major flaw: no 3rd party backup utility can ever be made. And there is no backup utility provided as part of the system.

Some device makers provide their own backup utilities, and starting with Android 4.0 there is a way to perform a backup through ADB (which is part of Android SDK), but this method is not designed for the average user and has several issues.

 

There is one way, an application on the device can create a proper backup: by gaining root privileges.

But Android is so “secure” it has no mechanism to allow the user to grant such privileges to an application, no matter how much he wants or needs to.

The solution of course, is to change the OS to add the needed capability, but how?

Usually, the owner of a stock Android device would look for a tool that exploits a security flaw in the system to gain root privileges. Some devices can be officially unlocked so a modified version of Android can be installed on them with root access already open.

 

The phone my boss has is somewhat unusual: it has a version of the OS designed for development and testing, so it has root but the applications on it do not have root.

What this confusing statement means is, that the ADB daemon is running with root privileges on the device allowing you to get a root shell on the phone from the PC and even remount the system partition as writable.

But, there is still no way for an application running on the device to gain root privileges, so when my boss tried to use Titanium Backup, he got a message that his device is not “rooted” and therefore the application will not work.

 

Like other “root” applications for Android, Titanium Backup needs the su binary to function. But stock Android does not have a su binary. In fact, it does not even have the cp command. Thats right – you can get a shell interface on Android that might look a little bit like the “regular Linux”, but if you want to copy a file you have to use cat.

This is something you will not see on a GNU/Linux OS, not even other Linux based OSs designed for phones such as Maemo or SHR.

 

Google wanted to avoid any GPL covered code in the user-space (i.e. anywhere they could get away with it), so not only did they not use a “real” shell (such as BASH) they didn’t even use Busybox which is the usual shell replacement in small and embedded systems. Instead, they created their own very limited (or as I call it neutered) version called “Toolbox”.

 

Fortunately, a lot of work has been done to remedy this, so it is not hard to find a Busybox binary ready made to run on Android powered ARM based device.

The trick is installing it. Instructions vary slightly from site to site, but I believe the following will work in most cases:

adb remount
adb push busybox /system/bin
adb shell chmod 6755 /system/bin/busybox
adb shell busybox --install /system/bin

Note that your ADB must run as root on the device side!

The important part to notice here is line 3: you must set gid and uid bits on the busybox binary if you want it to function properly as su.

And no – I didn’t write the permissions parameter to chmod as digits to make my self look like a “1337 hax0r”. Android’s version of chmod does not accept letter parameters for permissions.

 

After doing the steps above I had a working busybox and a proper command shell on the phone, but the backup application still could not get root. When I installed a virtual terminal application on the phone and tried to run su manually I got the weirdest error: unknow user: root

How could this be? ls -l clearly showed files belonging to ‘root’ user. As GNU/Linux user I was used to more descriptive and helpful error messages.

I tried running ‘whoami’ from the ADB root shell, and got a similarly cryptic message: unknown uid 0

Clearly there was a root user with the proper UID 0 on the system, but busybox could not recognize it.

 

Googling showed that I was not the only one encountering this problem, but no solution was in sight. Some advised to reinstall busybox, others suggested playing with permissions.

Finally, something clicked: on a normal GNU/Linux system there is a file called passwd in etc folder. This file lists all the users on the system and some information for each user such as their home folder and login shell.

But Android does not use this file, and so it does not exist by default.

 

Yet another difference.

So I did the following:

adb shell
# echo 'root::0:0:root:/root:/system/sh' >/etc/passwd

This worked like a charm and finally solved the su problem for the backup application. My boss could finally backup and restore all his data on his own, directly on the phone and without any special trickery.

 

Some explanation of the “magic” line:

In the passwd file each line represents a single user, and has several ‘fields’ separated by colons (:). You can read in detail about it here.

I copied the line for the root user from my PC, with some slight changes:

The second field is the password field. I left it blank so the su command will not prompt for password.

This is a horrible practice in terms of security, but on Android there is no other choice, since applications attempting to use the su command do not prompt for password.

There are applications called SuperUser and SuperSU that try to ask user permission before granting root privileges, but they require a special version of the su binary which I was unable to install.

 

The last field is the “login shell” which on Android is /system/sh

The su binary must be able to start a shell for the application to execute its commands.

Note, this is actually a symlink to the /system/mksh binary, and you may want to redirect it to busybox.

 

So this is my story of making one Android/Linux device a little more GNU/Linux device.

I took me a lot of time, trial and error and of course googling to get this done, and reminded me again that the saying “Linux is Linux” has its limits and that we should not take the GNU for granted.

It is an important part of the OS I use both at home and at work, not only in terms of components but also in terms of structure and behavior.

 

And it deserves to be part of the OS classification, if for no other reason than to distinguish the truly different kinds of Linux that are out there.

 

One of these things is not like the others!

30/08/2012 2 comments

Please look at the following picture:

These are “smart” phones I own.

All of them have different hardware specs, but one is truly different from the others.

Image of four smartphones

Can you tell which one?

 

 

 

 

 

It’s the one on the right – i-mate Jamin.

It is also the first “smart” phone that I ever owned.

 

What makes it different from the others?

The fact that it is the only one in the bunch that does not run on Free Software.

 

I was inspired to take this picture and put it on my blog by another post (in Hebrew), that talks about black, round corner rectangles and the recent madness surrounding them.

But I am not going to write about that.

There are already plenty of voices shouting about it all over the Internet, and I have nothing constructive to add.

Instead, I will introduce you to my lovely phone collection, which contributed a lot to my hobby and professional programming.

 

And we will start with the historical sample on the right: i-mate Jamin. (specs)

 

Back in early 2006, when this device came out, “smartphone” was still a registered trademark of Microsoft, the name they chose for the version of their Windows CE based mobile OS for devices with no touchscreen. (The touchscreen version was then called Windows Mobile Phone Edition)

Such devices were for geeks and hard core businessmen who had to be glued to their office 24/7.

 

But despite having a proprietery OS, this was a very open device: you could run any program on it (we didn’t call them “apps” then), and you could develop for them without the need to register or pay.

It didn’t matter what country you were from, or how old you were. The complete set of tools was available as a free download from Microsoft’s site.

And the OS allowed you to do a lot of things to it: like its desktop cousin, it completely lacked security, you could even overwrite, or more precisely “overshadow” OS files that were in ROM with a copy with the same name stored in user accessible NAND flash (or RAM on older devices).

 

The system API was almost identical to the Win32 API, which was (and still is) very common on the desktop, so if you knew how to write a program for your Windows powered PC, you knew how to write a program for your phone.

Unlike the systems we are used to today, Windows Mobile had no built in store.

You were on your own when it came to distributing your software, though there were several sites that acted much like the application stores do today: they sold your program for a commission.

But that too meant freedom: no commercial company was dictating morals to the developers or telling them that their program had no right to exist because it “confused users” or simply competed with that company’s own product.

So even though the OS brought with it most of the diseases common to desktop versions of Windows, it gave developers a free range, and thus had a thriving software ecosystem, until MS killed it off in a futile attempt to compete with Apple’s iOS and Google’s Android by taking the worst aspects of both.

 

The second phone from the right is the Neo 1973.

It was so named because 1973 was the year the first cellular call was made.

 

I got this device in 2008. By that time, I learned a lot about software freedom, so when I heard about a completely free (as in freedom of speech) phone, I just had to have it.

It wasn’t easy: it could only be bough directly from the company, which meant international shipping and a lot of bureaucracy with the ministry of communication that required special approval over every imported cellphone.

I was particularly concerned because this was not a commercially available model, despite having FCC certification, so it was possible that I could not get it through customs as a private citizen.

In the end, the problem was solved, though not before customs fees and added UPS charges almost doubled the cost of the device.

 

It felt great to have it. I never had such complete freedom with a phone before.

But then I realized – I had no idea what to do with this freedom! Developing for the OpenMoko Linux distribution (later, the project switched to SHR) was very different from developing for Windows.

I had a lot to learn, and in the end, I wound up making only one usable program for my two Neo phones: the screen rotate.

 

One of the things that amazed me about the OpenMoko project was, that even though the software and hardware were experimental and in early stage of development, in many ways they were much better then the commercial Windows Mobile that was being sold for years to many phone makers.

For example, OpenMoko had perfect BiDi support needed for Hebrew and Arabic languages, as well as fonts for those languages shipped with the OS.

This is something MS never did for Windows Mobile, despite having a large R&D center in Israel for almost two decades, and having a large market in other countries that write right-to-left languages.

 

Also, the Internet browser, though slow, was much more advanced then the one on WM, and even came close to passing the Asid2 test.

 

The only trouble was, I could never get the microphone working. It didn’t really matter, since I wanted the phone for development and testing, and didn’t intend to carry it around with me for daily use.

 

Which brings us to the next phone in the collection: the Neo Freerunner.

This was the second device from the OpenMoko project, the more powerful successor to the Neo 1973.

 

At first, I swore I would not by it. There just wasn’t enough difference between it and the original. Sure, it had WiFi and a faster processor, but is that really a reason to by another phone?

But by that time, my trusty old Jamin was getting really old, it developed some hardware problems and even with a new battery would not charge well.

 

I had a lot of choice in smartphones, working for a company that developed software for them, yet I could not bare the thought of buying yet another non-free phone.

So in the end I broke, and bought the Freerunner, mostly for that nice feeling of carrying a tiny computer in my pocket, made completely with Free Software and Open Hardware.

Thanks to Doron Ofek who put a lot of effort in to advancing the OpenMoko project (and other Free Software projects) in Israel, getting the second device was much easier.

 

And so it became my primary and only cellphone for the next three years.

I don’t think there are too many people in the world who can honestly say they used OpenMoko phone as their primary cellphone, with no backup, but I was one of them.

Flashing a brand new OS twice a month or more (if I had time) was just part of the fun.

 

Sadly, all good things come to an end. The life expectancy of a smartphone is 18 month at best. I was seeing powerful Android based devices all around me, with large screens, fast processors, and, most importantly – 3G data (I spend a lot of time out of WiFi range).

And I wanted a stable device. As much as I hated to admit it I needed a break from living with a prototype phone and a rapidly changing OS.

But I wasn’t ready to loose my freedom. And I didn’t want to completely surrender my privacy.

Most Android devices need to be hacked just to get root on your own system. And even though the OS is Free Software, most of the “apps”, including built in ones, are proprietery.

And of course, Google is trying to milk every last bit of your personal information it can, and trying to keep them from doing it on Android is very uncomfortable, though definitely possible.

 

This just won’t do.

 

Finally, I found a perfect compromise:

My current phone – Nokia N900 (spec).

 

It was far from being a new device, when I finally ordered one thorough eBay.

It had a major downside compared to any Android device – it had a resistive instead of capacitive touchscreen.

 

Yet it was the perfect merger, borrowing from all worlds:

It runs mostly on free software, with a real GNU/Linux distribution under the hood, unlike Android which uses a modified Linux kernel, but has little in common with what most people call “Linux”.

It has a proper package manager, offering a decent selection of free software, and updates for all system components including special kernels, but also connected to Nokia’s OVI store.

It even came with a terminal emulator already installed.

 

Unlike the OpemMoko project, this was a finished and polished device. With a stable, simple, useful and convenient interface, widgets, and all applications working satisfactory out of the box.

It even has the flash plugin, which, though a horrible piece of proprietery software on which grave I will gladly dance, is still needed sometimes to access some sites.

 

So here I am now, with an outdated, but perfectly usable phone, that can do just about anything from connecting USB peripherals to mounting NFS shares.

It is perfect for me, despite it’s slightly bulky size and relatively small 3.5 inch screen.

 

But I know that no phone lasts for ever. Some day, the N900 will have to be retired, yet I see no successor on the horizon.

With Microsoft and Apple competing in “who can take away most user rights and get away with it”, and Android devices still containing plenty of locks, restrictions and privacy issues, I don’t know what I will buy when the time comes.

Who knows, maybe with luck and a lot of effort by some very smart people, the GTA04 will blossom in to something usable on a daily basis.

Or maybe Intel will get off their collective behinds and put out a phone with whatever Meego/Maemo/Moblin has morphed in to.

Even Mozilla is pushing out a Mobile OS of sorts, so who knows…

 

What do you think?

My FLOSS

13/11/2010 Leave a comment

I decided to start this blog with a post introducing all the Free Software projects I’ve published.
It’s not much, but this is the work I am most proud of.

In case you didn’t know, FLOSS (aside from string used to clean teeth) is an acronym for Free Libre Open Source Software.
Now, you might think that it would be simpler and shorter just to say “Free software”, not to mention, a lot less confusing, but this way people tend to think it is just software you can get free of charge.
Even though most people like getting things for free, surprisingly 0$ cost often has negative connotations.
Besides, its not about cost, its about freedom.

For me though, coding these projects was, first and foremost, about learning.
Implementing each feature required learning the use of a new function or a new technique. Some times even a whole new set of development tools.
Also, unlike projects I do as part of my job, these gave me the freedom to experiment – implement what I wanted in the way I wanted without deadlines, demands or the need to waste time on useless trickery in a futile attempt to protect the final product from being copied.

And there was one additional bonus: ego boost. Seeing the download count and getting comments from users directly was pretty nice, especially when those comments were praises and thanks.

 

LVMTime

This is the first project I’ve ever published. In fact, it went out even before the first commercial app I did as a professional developer hit the market.

It is a “Today screen” plugin for Windows Mobile devices. It displays time and date in various configurations.

This project started out as a way to learn how to write a “Today plugin”.
Since I did not want to do a pointless “Hello world” test, I decided to make it do something useful. At the same time I saw on the forum that people were unhappy with the way date plugin behaved in the then new Windows Mobile 5 OS.
So I made a very simple plugin that just showed date and time on a single line.
I posted it on the forum to see what happens and, to my surprise, it got popular.

So I kept developing it and adding features.
As it turns out, theres a lot more to writing a properly working plugin then MS documentation shows, so along the way I picked up a few tricks that later came in handy on my job.

Two of the neatest (from my perspective) things I’ve done on this project were implementing from scratch a SNTP client to allow synchronizing time from the Internet (just like desktop Windows does) and sticking a small window on the taskbar that looked as though it was an integral part of it.
I actually managed to put the clock display back to where it was in the previous version of the OS, using an outside utility.

At first, I did not think to release the code, though I had no intention to charge money for the software.
I did send it to a couple of people who asked for it because I believed I should share this knowledge as others shared it and allowed me to learn how to write such a plugin.
Later, when I learned about the GNU/GPL and the concept of “Free Software” I properly published the source under GPL v3 license.

Unfortunately, at the time, I was not well familiar with source hosting sites such as SourceForge and Google Code, so I just published the whole thing on the forum I knew.
The down side is, there is no version control and you have to subscribe to the forum to download it.

Some day I might fix it.
For now, the binary version was picked up by a few freeware sites, which added to that ego boost I mentioned earlier:
LVMTime on PocketPCFreeware
LVMTime on FreewarePPC
LVMTime on Softpedia

 

LVMTopBat

This project, like many other FLOSS projects, began as an attempt to “scratch an itch”.

At the time, I had an i-mate Jamin also know as HTC Prophet.
This was a nice and advanced (for those times) smartphone, but it had a very slow processor (200MHz) and little RAM memory.
I wanted a precise battery meter, but all the ones I could find had a lot of fancy features which were both unnecessary and waste of resources.
Plus, I could not find one that looked exactly the way I wanted, so I just wrote one.

It was interesting to learn how to query and interpret battery status data.
I even managed to use the system notification mechanism to avoid constantly polling for data and wasting CPU cycles.

After making a small modification to make it more general, I put this app on the same forum as LVMTime.
Despite being very simplistic with no configuration options at all, it still had some success – several thousand downloads.

Better still, this was the first time someone took my code and made a derivative application with improvements.
And this is the real power of Free Software: collaborative development and continuous improvement.
Here is one such derivative: iBattery

Though not as popular as LVMTime, LVMTopBat also made it to some freeware sites:
LVMTopBat on PocketPCFreeware
LVMTopBat on Softpedia
 

Registry Display plugin

Technically speaking this is not a project, but a part of one.

After gathering together tips and tricks for writing a properly functioning “Today plugin” from various sources on the Internet I wanted to put it all together in a skeleton plugin which could later be used as a base for real projects.
At some point, I even thought about writing an article on it for the CodeProject site.

I never gotten around to writing that article, but I did make a basic plugin.
To demonstrate how to properly implement things like user selected text size and refresh handling I decided to let the plugin display a string from the registry.

Mean while, on xda-developers forum there were people looking to add GUI components to MortScript, a simple but powerful scripting language for Windows Mobile which allowed users with no programming knowledge to automate tasks on their devices.
This plugin example turned out to be useful to them.

It is possible to write registry values using MortScript so any script could use my plugin to display information on the today screen.
It wasn’t fancy, but it worked.

Since this project was so basic I released it in to the public domain, which means anyone can use the code in any way for any purpose no string attached.
Though even something this basic falls under todays ridicules copyright laws, I do not believe in copyrighting basic examples of code, not even under the GPL or BSD style licenses.

 

scr-rotate

This was the firs project I released for GNU/Linux based OS.
Specifically SHR distribution of the OpenMoko project.

It is a graphical application to rotate the screen.

It took me a long while to learn and get used to the different development paradigm of GNU/Linux based environment.
The idea that UI toolkit was something separate from the OS core and that multiple choices were available was a complete novelty.
Programming for Win32 you had one simple API function for creating a window or a button.
Here, you had to choose a widget toolkit and learn its rules.

And before you could do that, you had to familiarize your self with gcc, make and some shell scripting for good masure.
In the end of course, it was well worth it.
And once you do understand the tools and how to use them, you realize that it is the MS way of doing things that is crooked and uncomfortable.

Since the OpenMoko platform was designed specifically for developers to play with, even its most advanced OS is still missing quite a few functions you would find in a commercial phone.
More precisely, the capability is there but the GUI is not.
So it was easy to pick a small feature which I personally was missing and code a fairly simple app to do it.

Once again, this was a learning experience.
And this time, I properly published the sources on a suitable hosting site with open access and version control. There’s even a bug tracking system which I already got to use.

Well, thats all for now.
I hope that in the future, I will have the time to write and release more Free Software projects, maybe even bigger and more useful ones.
For now I do have some bug fixes I want to do on other projects, but as usual 24 hours a day just aren’t enough.

At least, I managed to get this post out.
Thanks for reading.